2014 was a banner year for making automotive fuel from nonfood crops, with a series of major new production plants opening in the United States. However, producing this so-called cellulosic ethanol remains considerably more expensive than gasoline. So researchers are always on the lookout for new ways to trim costs. Now they have a new lead, a microbe that can use abundant nitrogen gas as the fertilizer it needs to produce ethanol from plants.The discovery is “a major commercial accomplishment for biofuel production,” says Steven Ricke, a microbiologist and editor of a textbook on biofuel production at the University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, who was not involved in the study.Scientists have long eyed biofuels as a cleaner and more sustainable alternative to traditional fossil fuels. Instead of pumping oil from the ground, researchers harvest plants like cassava and sugarcane, grind them up, add enzymes to break down the plant matter, and sprinkle in yeast. The microbe ferments sugars in the plants to produce ethanol, a form of alcohol, which is now commonly mixed with gasoline and used in cars and buses around the world.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)But biofuels are controversial. The majority are derived from food crops, like corn. Critics say the increased demand for these crops could increase food prices. And although direct emissions of carbon dioxide from burning biofuels are less than those from traditional fuels, some scientists now argue that once indirect emissions from land use changes and producing the crop are considered, the overall emissions from some biofuels can actually be higher.So in recent years, researchers have turned to nonfood crops—like trees and bamboo—for biofuel production. These crops need less fertilizer than traditional biofuel crops, and they often have less detrimental impact on the land. In an ideal world, biofuels would be produced only from plant materials that cannot be eaten, such as trees and parts of plants that are left in fields after harvest, like straw.But there are problems. The enzymes needed to break down plants’ primary structural components—cellulose and hemicellulose—into simple sugars are expensive. To ferment the simple sugars, the microbes also need nitrogen to grow and divide. So researchers add fertilizer to their fermentation vats to boost the ethanol yields. It is estimated that an ethanol production plant may be spending more than $1 million on this a year.The new study may offer a solution to this latter problem. Microbiologists at Indiana University, Bloomington, started with miscanthus, a type of tall, woody tropical grass that grows quickly in many places where food will not grow. But instead of using yeast to ferment their plants into fuel, they turned to Zymomonas mobilis, a bacterium also capable of doing the job. The bacteria need high levels of nitrogen to thrive, something miscanthus can’t offer.So the researchers looked at the amount of ethanol that the microbe could produce with and without additional nitrogen fertilizer being supplied and found that it did better without it. This shows that the microbe has an unusual ability—it can use (or “fix”) nitrogen from the atmosphere.The study, published online today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, even showed that the bacterium produces ethanol more quickly and uses more of the plant material when it uses nitrogen gas than when it is fed nitrogen in fertilizer. If the same holds true in a production plant, this could reduce biofuel production costs, the authors say. The process is also more environmentally friendly, they add, because there are greenhouse gas emissions associated with producing nitrogen fertilizer.However, questions remain about how well this process will work in a large biofuel plant. Whereas using Z. mobilis might make it cheaper for producers to use inexpensive, nonfood crops, there could also be added costs and problems, says Yong-Su Jin, a molecular biotechnologist at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, who was not involved in this study. For example, it might be necessary to pump in purified nitrogen gas for the bacterium to use, which would raise costs. He said that there was a possibility that it could introduce contamination.The overall environmental benefits may also be slim. Even if nitrogen fertilizers are not used in the fermentation process, they might still be needed to grow the crops. And the new advance doesn’t address other environmental impacts from biofuels, such as the greenhouse gas emissions from growing, harvesting, and transporting the plants. According to Fengqi You, a chemical engineer at Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois, further studies would be needed to consider all the environmental and economic costs and benefits of doing this on an industrial scale so that it can be compared with existing systems.
The 15th Finance Commission has assured of action on the Rajasthan government’s demand for additional funds with the sympathetic consideration of factors such as difficult geography, heterogeneous society, limited resources and future needs. The commission completed its four-day visit to the State on Monday.Finance Commission Chairman N.K. Singh said the State government had worked in several fields, such as health, education, drinking water and renewable energy in the last eight months. He said though the State had its own set of problems, the commission was satisfied with the priority accorded to solar and renewable energy.“We will certainly have sympathy for Rajasthan and there will be no injustice,” Mr. Singh said. CM’s demandsChief Minister Ashok Gehlot has affirmed that the State government ensured effective financial management of its resources and complied with the Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act despite the huge debt pressure on the exchequer.Mr. Gehlot demanded additional funds for drinking and irrigation water, education and health facilities, development of roads, energy, information technology and tourism sectors. He also said the share of States in Central taxes should be increased from 42% to 50% in view of the mandatory expenditure on the subjects allocated to them and the amount spent on the services being provided.The Chief Minister said the Centre should compensate the States by 2024-25 for the deficit incurred by the latter for not increasing the revenue generated from GST. While seeking the States’ share in the cess and surcharge imposed by the Centre, Mr. Gehlot requested the Finance Commission to recommend that the States be given share in the Union government’s non-tax revenue as well.
PBA IMAGESShort on personnel but long in determination, Meralco rebounded from its first loss in the PBA Governors’ Cup on Friday night by pulling off what coach Norman Black feels is as the Bolts’ most satisfying win yet.“It was just an incredible effort from my guys tonight,” Black said after the Bolts—with three aces out of the roster—carved out a come-from-behind 107-104 win over Phoenix Petroleum to creep closer to a playoff berth at Smart Araneta Coliseum in Cubao.ADVERTISEMENT The next Meralco game will be on Sept. 6 against sister team TNT KaTropa, and that game would mean a seat in the playoffs should the Bolts escape with a win.“Good thing is that all three of them will be back for our next game,” Black said as Allen Durham chipped in his share with 33 points 16 rebounds and seven assists. Chris Newsome and Reynel Hugnatan also finished in twin digits with a combined 33.Phoenix paraded a new import in Brandon Brown and almost hammered out a victory.But the Fuel Masters, who broke in Jeff Chan after acquiring the left-handed gunslinger from Rain or Shine just over a week ago, couldn’t hold on to a 77-62 lead late in the third quarter and went down for the fourth straight game after a 2-0 start.Brown, playing in lieu of the injured Eugene Phelps, finished with 38 points, while Chan wound up with 27 in his biggest offensive game of the season.ADVERTISEMENT MOST READ UPLB exempted from SEA Games class suspension WATCH: Streetboys show off slick dance moves in Vhong Navarro’s wedding SEA Game: Active PH Volcanoes ready to erupt Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles00:59Sports venues to be ready in time for SEA Games01:27Filipino athletes get grand send-off ahead of SEA Games01:37Protesters burn down Iran consulate in Najaf01:47Panelo casts doubts on Robredo’s drug war ‘discoveries’01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games Catriona Gray spends Thanksgiving by preparing meals for people with illnesses Brown, though, missed the potential game-tying basket as time expired. Read Next SEA Games in Calabarzon safe, secure – Solcom chief Flags of SEA Games countries raised at Athletes Village Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. LATEST STORIES View comments LOOK: Venues for 2019 SEA Games “We had to deal with a lot of adversities in this game and we really needed to get a win, especially after coming off a loss,” added the multi-titled coach, who didn’t mind playing his remaining players extended minutes with an 18-day break coming their way.Garvo Lanete fired 14 points in the third period and finished with 27, effectively plugging the holes created by the absence of Baser Amer and Mike Tolomia as the Bolts completed a rally from as big as 15 points down to rise to 5-1.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSSEA Games: Philippines picks up 1st win in men’s water poloSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutAmer, a prime candidate for the Most Improved Player of the year award who has stepped up to become the team’s best point guard, and Tolomia, whom Black described as his second best point guard, are both in Kuala Lumpur playing for Gilas Pilipinas in the Southeast Asian Games.Aside from his two guards, Black also missed his best defender in Cliff Hodge, which meant that the Bolts were “not strong defensively,” allowing Phoenix to nearly get away with a victory. Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC Man sworn in as lawyer by judge who sentenced him to prison as a teen 20 years ago
Liverpool Liverpool are no Man City, but the exploits of Coutinho, Salah & Co. should still be enjoyed Melissa Reddy Liverpool FC Correspondent 17:00 12/18/17 FacebookTwitterRedditcopy Comments(5) Liverpool Premier League AFC Bournemouth v Liverpool AFC Bournemouth Opinion Jurgen Klopp’s side are in fourth spot — 18 points off the league leaders — but their strides forward should not be ignored on that account For every top team not named Manchester City in the Premier League this season, the outstanding can be made to seem ordinary. Each setback, meanwhile, is magnified for those residing in the shadows of Pep Guardiola’s side.In a 4-0 victory at the Vitality Stadium, Liverpool offered a reminder that, while they may not be the all-conquering juggernaut from down the M62, they are still progressing at pace in their own lane. Article continues below Editors’ Picks Lyon treble & England heartbreak: The full story behind Lucy Bronze’s dramatic 2019 Liverpool v Man City is now the league’s biggest rivalry and the bitterness is growing Megan Rapinoe: Born & brilliant in the U.S.A. A Liverpool legend in the making: Behind Virgil van Dijk’s remarkable rise to world’s best player They became the first team in English top-flight history to have won four consecutive away games by a margin of at least three goals. Four were converted against Bournemouth, but that number could’ve quite easily been doubled.Five of them were celebrated at Brighton & Hove Albion, with Sadio Mane — Liverpool’s reigning Player of the Season — kept in reserve, as was the case on Sunday.Jurgen Klopp thrice fist-pumped at Stoke City, as Philippe Coutinho and Mohamed Salah started on the bench. And he could rejoice at London Stadium too, where the Reds – sans Coutinho – stuck four past West Ham.These are the kind of fixtures that undid Liverpool in the previous campaign — the 4-3 defeat away to Bournemouth most haunting — but the Merseysiders have now lost only one of their last 23 league matches against teams outside the ‘big six’.It is not just about the goals scored, but that they have stopped going in with regularity at the other end. Klopp’s charges have not conceded a single effort from open play in the last six games in all competitions, with just two controversial penalties breaching the defence.Post the self-inflicted humbling at Tottenham, Liverpool’s nine top-flight fixtures have seen them punish opponents 24 times, while only letting in four goals.This has been achieved as the manager looks to strike a balance between rhythm and freshness, making 15 more changes to his starting XI after 18 games than was done in the entirety of 2016-17.Having watched his team head into this year as Chelsea’s closest title challengers, before the effects of fatigue and Mane’s departure for the Africa Cup of Nations combined to see them combust through January and February, Klopp added to his squad with the intention of easing the workload with heavier demands this season.It’s easy to forget that Nathaniel Clyne has not kicked a ball yet in 2017-18 — largely thanks to the performances of Joe Gomez and Trent Alexander-Arnold — while Adam Lallana was involved for only the second time this term on Sunday. Alex Oxlade-Chamberlain unfortunate not to mark a very dynamic performance with a goal today. Made the most key passes (4) together with Phil Coutinho and was #LFC ‘s top tackler (3).Three interceptions, 11 possession gains too. pic.twitter.com/84hiNY5pTe — Melissa Reddy (@MelissaReddy_) December 17, 2017 The German could field Alex Oxlade-Chamberlain against Eddie Howe’s men and count on a dynamic, direct display packed with intention and authority.The England international continued his man-of-the-match showing through to the post-match TV interview, in which he interjected when Coutinho was asked about his future to highlight the Brazilian’s professionalism and the unfairness of such a question.The 25-year-old, still the focal point of Barcelona’s transfer planning, was again unplayable. Adam Smith’s reaction to the opener — jumping on the spot with his arms in the air to suggest a feeling of utter helplessness — summed up how phenomenal Liverpool’s No.10 was. Coutinho was fed by Ragnar Klavan and flicked a pass to Andy Robertson, who returned possession and made a distracting dart.The playmaker then drove at Bournemouth’s defence with Simon Francis, Lewis Cook, Nathan Ake and Smith left to look ridiculous as he planted a finish inside the near post.Roberto Firmino was then brilliant in keeping a corner alive at the far post, with Dejan Lovren diving in to double Liverpool’s advantage before Salah’s pace, persistence, power and precision saw him record his 20th goal of the season in just his 26th outing for the club.Firmino — marginally offside — nodded in a typically classy Coutinho delivery to round off the triumph, in which the latter and Oxlade-Chamberlain were also denied by the post.The forward’s header was the 24th away goal Liverpool have registered in the league this season, a tally only matched by City.The Reds may not be equal in many other respects to Guardiola’s giants at present, but that should not take any shine away from their own strides forward. “We have so many things to play for and I enjoy the season in the moment,” Klopp reminded.”It is really hard, it is really intense, it is unbelievable how many points you will probably need at the end of the season to get anything.”Most of the time, we played our football — it is really nice to watch and successful.” Subscribe to Goal’s Liverpool Correspondent Neil Jones’ weekly email bringing you the best Liverpool FC writing from around the web
Since you’re here… County Championship Division One Read more Lancashire … we have a small favour to ask. More people, like you, are reading and supporting the Guardian’s independent, investigative journalism than ever before. And unlike many news organisations, we made the choice to keep our reporting open for all, regardless of where they live or what they can afford to pay.The Guardian will engage with the most critical issues of our time – from the escalating climate catastrophe to widespread inequality to the influence of big tech on our lives. At a time when factual information is a necessity, we believe that each of us, around the world, deserves access to accurate reporting with integrity at its heart.Our editorial independence means we set our own agenda and voice our own opinions. Guardian journalism is free from commercial and political bias and not influenced by billionaire owners or shareholders. This means we can give a voice to those less heard, explore where others turn away, and rigorously challenge those in power.We hope you will consider supporting us today. We need your support to keep delivering quality journalism that’s open and independent. Every reader contribution, however big or small, is so valuable. Support The Guardian from as little as $1 – and it only takes a minute. Thank you. Share on Pinterest Topics Essex Sign up to the Spin – our weekly cricket round-up Ball three: Budding talent Harry Brook blooms for YorkshireIt was England’s winter sport that was once described as “a funny old game” but its summer counterpart might be funnier still. On Friday morning I heard Essex old boy Don Topley struggle to describe one Yorkshire wicket before the next one fell, while maintaining a semblance of BBC impartiality – and I didn’t blame him. The White Rose was trampled underfoot in just over 100 balls – the hipsters – for 50 and surely en route to join the long list of counties vanquished at Chelmsford over the last couple of years. But, at the end of the day (I hope you’re keeping count of the clichés), things looked rather different, the Tykes having sorted out the home side’s batting and promoted Jonny Bairstow to Sehwag away the start of the second dig for 50 off 44 balls. The champions were 69 behind at the close of one of the more extraordinary three sessions of championship cricket and wondering what had happened. Well, Harry Brook and Steve Patterson is what happened next, the England Under-19 captain outshining the England seniors captain with 124 and the old warhorse, Patto, chugging in to take a career-best 6-40. If Andrew Strauss thinks mums and kids can’t understand T20, good luck explaining this one.Ball four: Weighell on a rollAnd that match may not have been the most remarkable of the week! After four Leicestershire batsmen helped themselves to 70s, Durham were invited to follow on, 256 behind. But, with Aiden Markram avoiding an “Audi” (he had registered three consecutive 0s so far in his county career), the home side were 10 ahead at Chester-le-Street with only one down and toying with bowlers who had 140 overs in their legs. Though Gavin Griffiths gutsy 6-49 pulled the visitors back into the match, a target of 148 in the fourth innings was exactly the kind that sparks a nervous collapse. Chris Rushworth did his thing in nipping out a couple early on, but the it was James Weighell who dismissed key batsman, Mark Cosgrove, the first of a career best 7-32 for the seamer. The follow on is always tempting for a captain but he should consider how his bowlers will feel two sessions into the second innings – he’ll probably refuse to enforce if he answers that question honestly.Ball five: Brookes keeps Warwickshire on stream for promotion Warwickshire lead Division Two after disposing of Derbyshire at Edgbaston. Though Jeetan Patel used his usual combination of spin and nous to garner 10 wickets – what a fine bowler he is – another product of England’s Under-19 setup, Henry Brookes (it feels like there are more versions of “brooks” in county cricket these days than there are in the Lake District) caught the eye with 4-63 and 4-56, not bad as a stand-in for the injured Olly Stone. Though Warwickshire might struggle to get Brookes and Stone into the same XI, even if both are fully fit, it would be good to see them operating in tandem, working out some of the old lags who have seen a few young tearaways in their time. And I hope they are listening to the likes of Chris Wright and Keith Barker, who know a bit about bowling in England – the headphones can be set to one side for a while.Ball six: England WatchIt is a strange alchemy that works to transform promise at domestic level into achievement at international level and there is no better example than this quote from Joe Clarke’s Cricinfo profile: “He expressed the ambition to follow new caps such as Haseeb Hameed and Ben Duckett into the England side.” Things haven’t worked out for those young guns, indeed neither can buy a run at the moment, so will Clarke write his name more permanently into England’s batting order? His 157 at The Oval (yes, I know, The Oval, where exactly 28 years ago I was there for Clinton’s Match, so there are runs to be had) wasn’t the top score – step forward Rory Burns, impressing again with a captain’s knock of 193 – but Clarke is delivering on a couple of objectives that selectors like to see. He is improving as challenges present themselves (a decent North v South series in March and now runs in Division One) and he is batting time, his century spread over nearly six hours. Much the same sort of case could be made for the Surrey skipper, six years older with almost twice as many first class matches, but Clarke might just be the right man at the right time with a feeling abroad that Ed Smith needs to be bold. And if Clarke swivel pulls his first ball in Test cricket for four, we can start to dream.• This article appeared first on The 99.4 Cricket Blog• Follow Gary Naylor on Twitter Read more features Nottinghamshire Share on Facebook Warwickshire Reuse this content Share on Twitter Somerset’s Steve Davies and Jack Leach fend off Matt Parkinson for draw Support The Guardian 99.94 cricket blog Share on LinkedIn Share via Email Share on WhatsApp Ball one: Nottinghamshire get Amla and the win to go topNottinghamshire’s third win of the season puts them 17 points clear at the top of Division One, as they seek to “do an Essex” popping out of Division Two and going straight through Division One until the champagne corks fly in September. At Trent Bridge, Steve Mullaney’s men took a simple route to victory – score 300-odd twice and bowl the opposition out for 200-odd twice in return. Though Samit Patel chipped in with four Hampshire wickets, it was Notts’ four tall seamers who again proved the difference, Stuart Broad grabbing the lion’s share this week with six scalps. Conceding 66 and 112 to Hashim Amla (last man out in the second innings) but still winning by over 200 runs, is the mark of a side with significant weaponry in its bowling arsenal – and one that will take a bit of stopping.Ball two: Chat about Parkinson grows at LancashireSomerset, with a game in hand, lead the chasing pack after a late scare at Old Trafford. Centuries from Marcus Trescothick and George Bartlett (134 runs and 22 years between them) had apparently taken the home win out of the equation, but Dane Vilas bagged another of the daddy hundreds in which he specialises (a daddy double this time with 235*) before blond leg-spin protege (and they have seen them before at Old Trafford) Matt Parkinson got among the visitors second time round and an evening run chase loomed. A career best 66 from Jack Leach supported by Tim Groenewald old-proing it to 36 in 90 minutes at the other end, saw off that possibility and hands were shaken in the slanting sunlight. Parkinson finished with a fivefer and Trescothick a broken foot – padded up and ready to do his bit to save his team if required at 11. Let’s hope we see him padded up for Somerset again soon. Cricket Share on Messenger County Championship Division Two
Read more Share on Messenger … we have a small favour to ask. More people, like you, are reading and supporting the Guardian’s independent, investigative journalism than ever before. And unlike many news organisations, we made the choice to keep our reporting open for all, regardless of where they live or what they can afford to pay.The Guardian will engage with the most critical issues of our time – from the escalating climate catastrophe to widespread inequality to the influence of big tech on our lives. At a time when factual information is a necessity, we believe that each of us, around the world, deserves access to accurate reporting with integrity at its heart.Our editorial independence means we set our own agenda and voice our own opinions. Guardian journalism is free from commercial and political bias and not influenced by billionaire owners or shareholders. This means we can give a voice to those less heard, explore where others turn away, and rigorously challenge those in power.We hope you will consider supporting us today. We need your support to keep delivering quality journalism that’s open and independent. Every reader contribution, however big or small, is so valuable. Support The Guardian from as little as $1 – and it only takes a minute. Thank you. news By quarter-time, Melbourne had the only five goals of the game and the contest was almost done. The Demons had winners all across the park, led by Sam Weideman in just his 18th senior game. James Harmes won his shootout with Joel Selwood.Tom McDonald and Max Gawn were huge in the air, while Jack Viney, Clayton Oliver and Angus Brayshaw were super in the contest. Goodwin lauded all his players but saved a special thank you to those in the outer. The 91,767-strong crowd was the biggest non-grand final crowd Melbourne had played in front of since 1964.”The support that we got tonight was absolutely unbelievable. They played a huge part,” Goodwin said. “We said that they’d get in behind a team that they could believe in. And we need them again next week because they were pretty instrumental tonight … we want our supporters to believe in this team and inspire us to greater heights.”Their next challenge is Hawthorn, which lost their final against premiership favourites Richmond on Thursday night.Off the back of their dismissal of Geelong, the Demons will start short-priced favourites against Alastair Clarkson’s side. That’s despite the Hawks handing them a 67-point touch-up in their sole meeting this year.”They played an exceptional game of footy that day. They beat us quite convincingly,” Goodwin said of their round four meeting. “We have to go back and look at that. Look at how they played on the weekend and come up with a system that’s going to hold up.”We know we have got a really formidable opponent next week. A really strong footy club. Well coached. We know what we are up against.” Australia sport Hawthorn remain buoyant despite heavy loss in AFL finals opener Share on LinkedIn Share on Twitter Australian rules football AFL Reuse this content Share on Facebook Share on Pinterest Support The Guardian Share via Email Melbourne coach Simon Goodwin has lauded his team’s character after they dispelled their doubters with a 29-point AFL elimination final win over Geelong.The question asked of the Demons was a fair one given 18 of his Demons side were yet to play in September. Did they have what it takes to win an AFL final? The response came swiftly.”Our players were adamant they were going to put their brand on show,” Goodwin said. “A huge crowd. First final. We had our hunt on and our tackles and our pressure … that was a really good indicator our boys were ready to play. I thought our boys handled the moment incredibly well.” Share on WhatsApp Topics Since you’re here…
The project targets the production of the imported Silver Tilapia species of fresh water fish Story Highlights The pilot project demonstrates the possibility of double growth rates for the Silver Tilapia The initiative is spearheaded by newly established entity, Sunshine Aquaculture Limited The fisheries sector is poised to benefit significantly from a multimillion dollar aquaculture project, which targets the production of the imported Silver Tilapia species of fresh water fish, for sale to the local and overseas markets.The initiative, for which a four-month $10 million pilot project was recently concluded, is spearheaded by newly established entity, Sunshine Aquaculture Limited, in partnership with Aqua Wilson Farm, a 100-acre fresh water fish sanctuary in Hill Run, St. Catherine.Sunshine Aquaculture is seeking to introduce the new Silver Tilapia as well as improved nutrition and management processes within the local sector, which should serve to complement the indigenous Red Tilapia, regarded as a local culinary favourite, and boost the local industry’s output, enabling it to generate earnings of up to US$200 million per annum.Agriculture and Fisheries Minister, Hon. Roger Clarke, and other officials of the Ministry were taken on a tour of the Aqua Wilson Farm, on August 2, to view the operations.Sunshine Aquaculture Director, Mark Wildish, said the pilot project demonstrates the possibility of double growth rates for the Silver Tilapia, based on the results of the pilot project, conducted at their Kew Park Farm in Westmoreland, and Aqua Wilson Farm.He informed that fingerlings at Kew Park grew from 26 grams to 400 grams in 66 days, while those at Aqua Wilson recorded growth of up to 322 grams over the same duration. This contrasts sharply to the 107 days it takes the Red Tilapia fingerling to grow to 26 grams, and 180 days to get to 322 grams.“The main advantage of the Silver Tilapia is that through improved efficiencies, we can significantly reduce the cost of production, and this will allow a lower price for the consumer. We expect that the Jamaica Tilapia will continue to sell. But, our aim is to make sure we can compete with much of the frozen fish which currently comes in from abroad, like the Mangrove Snapper and Grunt,” Mr. Wildish said.Noting that local production declined to 800 tonnes in 2012, Mr. Wildish is optimistic that introduction of the Silver Tilapia will boost output to well over 4,000 tonnes within three years, with the potential to generate earnings of between US$150 million and US$200 million“Jamaica has great competitive advantage in fish…we have great land, great water, and we have already got a lot of the existing farms. In a study done as to the aquaculture potential of Jamaica, it is not impossible to imagine Jamaica producing 50,000 tonnes of Tilapia a year,” he added.Mr. Wildish disclosed plans by Sunshine Aquaculture to commence the development of a fish nursery by year end, with some US$10 million being earmarked for investment in the first phase.“It will be based in Westmorland. But most of the farming is likely to be done, initially, on the Clarendon and St. Catherine plains, where most of the existing farms are, because we intend to contract farms with existing farmers,” he informed.Mr. Wildish said that the Minister (of Agriculture and Fisheries) “has been very supportive” of the venture.Meanwhile, Minister Clarke welcomed the initiative, and emphasized that the project demonstrates that local Tilapia production can be significantly advanced with proper genetics and proper feeding systems, thus ensuring that “we can compete in a significant way” in the global market.“As far as marine fish (is concerned), we are being challenged. The fact (is) that…with all that we have been doing with our sanctuaries, the stock is still depleting, and if you look worldwide, aquaculture is growing in a significant way. We must catch up with the world, because that is where our future lies,” the Minister said.Mr. Clarke gave an undertaking to work with Sunshine Aquaculture and other industry stakeholders in safeguarding and enhancing the sector’s output. This, he added, is part of the administration’s efforts in consolidating the nation’s food security.“In our programme and our policy, we want Jamaicans to be able to access nutritious foods at a more affordable rate, and this (aquaculture) is one area through which I believe we are going to make a difference,” the Minister said.Owner and operator of Aqua Wilson Farm, Noel Wilson, said he was approached by Mr. Wildish, who was seeking a partner to undertake the pilot project, and willingly consented to participate in the venture.Pointing out that prior to participating in the pilot project, he only reared Red Tilapia, Mr. Wilson said he intends to remain in Silver Tilapia production.Mr. Wilson, who noted that 60 per cent of his farm is currently under production, said he currently employs approximately 10 persons, and can produce as much as 10 tonnes of fish per month.“We see the pilot project helping to advance our operations greatly. I plan to remain with Sunshine and rear the Silver Tilapia, which is much cheaper to grow and would enable us to be very competitive against other exporters,” he said.Mr. Wilson also disclosed that he plans to convert another 20 acres of his property into fish ponds within the next two months.
zoomIllustration. Source: Pixabay under CC0 Creative Commons license The International Maritime Organization has agreed to re-approach its listing process for the STCW Convention’s White List.According to the South African Maritime Safety Authority (SAMSA), the IMO agreed to re-approach the process following discussions between SAMSA, other Member States of the IMO and the organization during a meeting in London a week ago.“Discussions on the matter between the parties concerned came to a conclusion that the drawing up of the list of countries for delisting from the STCW Convention White List earlier this year did not follow due process,” Sobantu Tilayi, the CEO of the South African Maritime Safety Authority (SAMSA), said.“The IMO then agreed to withdraw the list of affected countries and to embark on a process that is fair and transparent over the next year or two. Therefore the list that was drawn up will no longer be presented to the IMO Maritime Safety Committee that is scheduled to sit in June.”
OTTAWA – Canada and United States will co-host a major international meeting of foreign ministers on the North Korean crisis next month in Vancouver.Foreign Affairs Minister Chrystia Freeland announced the Jan. 16 date alongside U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson during his visit to Ottawa for a series of meetings Tuesday, including a sit-down with Prime Minister Justin Trudeau.The North Korean nuclear crisis dominated discussions between the two ministers.But Tillerson also sounded a conciliatory note on the ongoing talks to modernize the North American Free Trade Agreement, saying the U.S. wants a deal that is “fair” all around.Freeland and Tillerson have been discussing plans for the international meeting for months, but decided to announce it last month after North Korea carried out its longest-ever missile test.There are few details, but the duo said it will involve countries that participated in the Korean War and other key regional actors, including South Korea and Japan.Tillerson said the goal is to keep pressure on North Korea to come to bargaining table, something the regime has shown no interest in doing lately.“This pressure campaign will not abate; we will not be rolling any of it back,” said Tillerson.“It will remain in place until they agree to give up their nuclear weapons, and allow us to verify that is in fact what they have done.”Freeland said the international show of solidarity in Vancouver would help that effort, but she offered no specifics on what Canada’s contribution might be.“Showing international solidarity is an important goal of this meeting.”Tillerson’s supper-hour visit with Trudeau was an unusual add-on to a visiting foreign minister’s itinerary, but it’s not unheard of and underscores the importance Canada attaches to its relations with its top trading partner and key ally.Trudeau has taken a personal interest in the North Korea crisis and has expressed concern about the rogue regime’s ability to launch intercontinental missiles that could cross through Canadian airspace.He has raised the possibility of leveraging Canada’s traditionally good relations with Cuba as a way to make progress on North Korea’s pursuit of a nuclear arsenal.“There hasn’t been huge amount of discussion around that, but it was a topic of conversation when I met President Raul Castro last year,” Trudeau said last month in Charlottetown.The Canadian government has so far resisted calls to join the U.S. ballistic missile defence shield that is designed to shoot down incoming missiles aimed at North America.Paul Martin’s Liberal government opted out of the shield in the 2005, bowing to domestic political pressure mainly in Quebec, and the Conservative government of Stephen Harper avoided the issue in its near decade in power.But the current Conservative Opposition now says it is time for Canada to talk to the U.S. about joining the program.“For the first time beyond the Cold War we have a credible threat to North America from ballistic missiles – and the trajectory for that missile would make parts of Canada vulnerable,” Conservative foreign affairs critic Erin O’Toole said last week in a fundraising pitch to supporters.“Rather than just planning for ‘cataclysmic terms,’ the Liberals should follow the Conservative party’s proposal and participate in the missile defence program, and ensure that Canada is a full partner in the defence of North America.”Tillerson and Freeland also talked about the Ukraine-Russia crisis and the political turmoil in Venezuela. Freeland announced she would travel to Ukraine on Wednesday.The two also discussed issues closer to home. Tillerson said the ongoing NAFTA talks permeated the discussions, which also included an expanded session with the cabinet committee on Canada-U.S. relations.The next round of NAFTA negotiations is set for next month in Montreal and there has been much hand-wringing about whether the U.S. wants a deal or is trying to torpedo the pact with a series of untenable positions — so-called poison pills that Canada and Mexico can’t swallow.Tillerson moved to tamp down those worries, saying “It is timely and right that we should re-examine that agreement.“Having said that, as the old saying goes, the devil’s in the details,” he added. “Both parties are approaching the negotiations in good faith in an effort to achieve a modernized NAFTA agreement.”Tillerson knows Canada from past visits as an oil executive, but this is his first visit since joining the Trump administration this year.
16 May 2008The United Nations tribunal set up to deal with the worst crimes committed during the Balkan conflicts of the 1990s today adjourned the trial of a former high-level official with the Serbian secret service after ruling that he is not fit to stand trial on health grounds. Today’s decision overturns that of the trial chamber last month that ruled that Jovica Stanišić could stand trial. But the appeals chamber found that Mr. Stanišić has the right to be present in the court, deeming a video-conference link from the detention unit to be insufficient. The proceedings will be postponed for three months, at which time the defendant’s health condition will be reassessed to determine whether the trial should resume. Mr. Stanišić is accused of directing, organizing, equipping, training, arming and financing secret units of the Serbian State Security which murdered, persecuted and deported Croats, Bosnian Muslims and other non-Serb civilians from Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia between 1991 and 1995.
The Special Court will decide on February 11 if it has the jurisdiction to hear the case against former Defence Secretary Gotabaya Rajapaksa and six others accusing them of misusing state funds to construct the D.A. Rajapaksa Museum.Rajapaksa’s lawyers had challenged the right of the Permanent High Court-at-Bar to hear the case.
“We are deeply concerned about the widespread violence that has continued to spiral for the last six months in the Thandaung and Papun townships of Karen state as well as Kyaukgyi and Shwegyin townships of Pegu Division,” the six experts said in a joint statement issued in Geneva.“The military allegedly acted with excessive use of force and fire arms. Homes were demolished and according to reports, residents have been offered neither alternative housing nor any form of compensation. Other reports from various sources corroborate very serious allegations of unlawful killings, torture, rape and forced labour,” they added.They voiced alarm over the state of destitution in which many displaced persons were forced to live, citing obstructed access to food, education, housing and health services. “We deplore the violence against unarmed civilians by the Myanmar military and call for action to ensure no further excessive use of force is employed against persons belonging to any community in Myanmar,” they said.“We remind the Government and non-State armed groups of their obligation to protect civilians from the effects of armed conflict and that the current government strategy of targeting civilians in the course of its military operations represents a wilful abrogation of its responsibility under international humanitarian and human rights law.”The experts are the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, Paulo Sergio Pinheiro; the Independent Expert on minority issues, Gay McDougall; the Special Rapporteur on torture, Manfred Nowak; the Special Rapporteur on adequate housing, Miloon Kothari; the Special Rapporteur on the right to food, Jean Ziegler; and the Special Rapporteur on the right to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, Paul Hunt.Special Rapporteurs are unpaid experts serving in an independent personal capacity who received their mandate from the now defunct UN Commission on Human Rights and will report to the newly established and enhanced Human Rights Council.
According to media reports, a bomb detonated outside the Spanish Embassy on 20 April damaging part of the compound’s exterior wall but incurring no casualties. The incident is also the most recent in a series of attacks against foreign embassies including those of the Republic of Korea and Morocco.In a statement released yesterday evening, UNSMIL said the attack against the Spanish embassy should serve as “a reminder that the continuing fighting and political instability contribute to providing the safe ground for terrorists to operate and expand” throughout Libya. “UNSMIL urges the Libyans to press ahead with their efforts to reach a political agreement to restore peace and stability, as well as strengthen the State institutions to combat terrorism,” the statement added. The bombing comes at a time when national stakeholders are gathered to reach a mediated settlement to Libya’s continuing fighting.The latest round of political talks, in fact, are currently underway in Skhirat, Morocco with parties expected to present their remarks regarding the overall framework outlined in the Draft Agreement on the Political Transition in Libya.
The line between performance and reality begins to blur in the latest offering by the Brock University Film Society.Madeline’s Madeline, an intense and challenging drama written and directed by Josephine Decker, will be screened at The Film House in downtown St. Catharines on Thursday, Oct. 11.Molly Parker stars as an experimental theatre director with newcomer Helena Howard as a gifted young performer.Madeline (Howard) has become an integral part of a prestigious theatre troupe. When the ambitious director (Parker) pushes Madeline to weave her rich interior world and her troubled relationship with her mother (Miranda July) into their collective art, the lines between performance and reality begin to blur. The resulting conflict rips out of the rehearsal space and through all three women’s lives.The Minneapolis Star Tribune calls Howard “a once-in-a-generation talent.”The Boston Globe calls Madeline’s Madeline “one of the best films of the year, if also one of the hardest to initially get your head around.”Tickets are available at the Film House on the evening of screenings.General admission is $9 or $7 for members, plus tax. Memberships are available through The Film House website.Visit the BUFS web page for a full list of this season’s selections. A calendar of films coming to the FirstOntario Performing Arts Centre over the next couple of months is posted on The Film House website. Look for the red B that indicates a BUFS-hosted screening.For more than 40 years, the Department of Communication, Popular Culture and Film has hosted the film society (previously known as a series) to bring some of the best in independent, international and Canadian cinema to St. Catharines.<span data-mce-type=”bookmark” style=”display: inline-block; width: 0px; overflow: hidden; line-height: 0;” class=”mce_SELRES_start”></span>
Former Ohio State football center Mike Brewster has been fighting to improve his draft stock this past week during preparation for Saturday’s Senior Bowl — literally. A co-captain of the 2011 Buckeyes squad and a four-year starter for OSU, Brewster has had mixed results during the week of practice leading to the showcase game for NFL prospects. Thursday’s practices in Mobile, Ala., site of the Senior Bowl, was canceled due to severe weather. However, Wednesday’s practices didn’t go well for Brewster, according to a report from Tony Pauline, a Sports Illustrated draft expert. Some of the center’s successes during the week, as well as his struggles, came against an old rival from the “team up north.” “(Center) Mike Brewster of Ohio State is having a tough go of it this morning,” Pauline wrote on cnnsi.com. “He was just beaten badly by Mike Martin of Michigan, who had been quiet most of the day. Brewster has been struggling to hold the point and continues to get pushed back off the line.” After Tuesday’s practice, Pauline wrote: “(Center) Mike Brewster of Ohio State and (defensive tackle) Mike Martin of Michigan are again battling hard in practice. Brewster laughed about it yesterday and noted it’s just a continuation of what’s taken place the past four years.” A week of ups and downs for Brewster, a 2010 All-American and all Big Ten Conference honoree, might not deter the player from reaching professional football. In a November interview with The Lantern, ESPN college football analyst Todd McShay said Brewster, who could not be reached for comment, should still find his way to the NFL. “He’s really played well (for OSU),” McShay said. “He’s been their best lineman. He’s going to find a way to succeed in the NFL. He’s just one of those guys.” Saturday’s Senior Bowl in kicks off at 4 p.m. in Mobile at Ladd-Peebles Stadium. The game will be televised nationally on the NFL Network. Michael Periatt contributed to this story.
Updated at 6.24pmTHE SISTER OF an 18-year-old Galway man who was missing in London has said that it is “not like him to do anything silly”.Speaking on today’s RTÉ News at One, Regina Ní hAilpín said that the reaction to her brother’s disappearance has been “phenomenal”.Patrick Halpin from Loughrea, County Galway had been last seen in a West End night club in the early hours of Wednesday morning.Regina told the show that the family wanted the public to continue to circulate pictures of her brother, as she and her father prepare to join the search in London.“Everyone has family in England at this stage. We need people to keep retweeting and keep sharing the picture. We have to keep it going.”The Department of Foreign Affairs were assisting in the case.Read: 18-year-old student missing on DCU society trip in London
So far, the big issue with the Oculus Rift is that, since the device is only available in a development kit release, users can only really try out very basic tech demos. Team Fortress 2 is relatively easy to set up with the Rift, but in practice, the twitch-based reactive gameplay makes it a chore to play — especially because you have to use a mouse in conjunction with the Rift. Now, a new demo created by Teddy Lipowitz, HydraDeck: Cover Shooter, does what he name suggests and shows us all what it would be like to play a cover-based shooter using the Oculus Rift.The demo also employs the Razer Hydra, Razer’s motion controller, which provides the movement and gun-firing controls. Cover-based shooters — though the tactic is still employed in wildly popular series like Mass Effect and Uncharted — have recently gain notoriety as a cheap, boring mechanism. The HydraDeck doesn’t quite do cover-based shooting any justice, as the tedium of having to mechanically kneel and pop up from behind objects ad nauseam is on full display. However, the demo also shows how the Rift can be easily integrated into modern-day games, giving us hope for the virtual future.The Rift and Hydra combination works seamlessly with the gameplay, and all you have to do to calibrate the rig beforehand is tap the Hydra controller to the back of your neck, and tape the other controller to your shirt (or stick it in a shirt pocket). The wand handles the vertical movement, while the controller handles the gun and horizontal movement. The Rift, of course, handles the virtual reality.If you’re the sort that has a Rift and Hydra, as well as the know-how to get everything working together, you can grab the demo from the Rift developer forums.
Stay on target Yet another robot-powered restaurant is opening soon. This time, it’s one of former president and cheeseburger lover Barack Obama’s personal favorites: Shake Shack.Now, the image above isn’t from Shake Shack’s media folk. It’s clearly Bender working the kitchen in the Futurama episode “My Three Suns.” Still, it would be awesome if the kitchens were actually being staffed by humanoid robots rather than a bunch of disembodied mechanical arms and conveyor belts, wouldn’t it?Like Cafe X on the other side of the country, the new Astor Place Shake Shack location will still have human workers on staff. CEO Randy Garutti says their official job titles will be “hospitality champs” and they’ll focus on customer interactions instead of food prep chores.The restaurant will also be the company’s first completely cashless location. Customers will input orders at kiosks and pay with a card or app, and the “hospitality champs” will be at the ready to assist with any technical difficulties that arise.Once the automated kitchen has finished preparing a customer’s food a notification gets sent via SMS. That means you’re not limited to waiting within range of one of those clunky buzzin discs. You’re free to roam anywhere you want as long as you’ve got signal. Presumably, you’ll want to stay fairly close so you don’t return to a room-temperature burger, soggy fries, and a runny shake.As for fears that the modernized ordering system and robot kitchen will mean fewer jobs for humans, Gerutti says that’s not the case at all. “We’re doubling the amount of kitchen equipment and hiring a similar number of staff members because we’re expecting higher volumes to come with the shorter lines,” Eater reports.They’ll be paid decently, too. Staff at this particular location will be hired on at $15 an hour, which is $2.50 higher than the Shake Shack average. That’s partly to prepare the company for minimum wage hikes that are coming shortly.As for the extra kitchen equipment, Garutti says it should give the Astor Place Shake Shack enough capacity to add delivery options in the near future. No word yet on whether humans or robots will be doing the delivering.Let us know what you like about Geek by taking our survey. Review: ‘Daemon X Machina’ Has Big Robots, Small Fun on Nintendo SwitchThis Robot Is Equal Parts Lawnmower and Snow Blower
Watch: Dolphin Leaps Feet Away From Unsuspecting SurferNASA Says 2 Asteroids Will Safely Fly By Earth This Weekend Stay on target Repellents might keep blood-sucking bugs away, but research just revealed an innovative insect bite protection strategy: body painting.A study led by Hungarian and Swedish researchers found that white, painted stripes on bodies might protect the skin from bug bites, said a Lund University press release. The study, which was published in Royal Society Open Science on Wednesday, demonstrated that this ancient technique, which is used by indigenous tribes worldwide, could also offer protection from insect-borne diseases.Susanne Åkesson, a Lund University Professor and one of the study’s scientists, said body painting could have developed at the same time on different continents, but it’s unknown where the tradition started.A boy from the Karo tribe poses for a photo in front of the Omo river in Ethiopia’s southern Omo Valley region.(Photo Credit: CARL DE SOUZA/AFP/Getty Images)“Body painting began long before humans started to wear clothes. There are archaeological finds that include markings on the walls of caves where Neanderthals lived,” Åkesson said in the press release. “They suggest that they had been body painted with earth pigments such as ochre.”Animals, such as zebras, have stripes that protect them from insect bites. The team decided to step up their research and explore if body painting might yield the same effect for humans.The body painted plastic models in the experiment. (Photo Credit: Gabor Horvath/Lund University)To put this concept to the test, the scientists used plastic models that were the same size as adult humans, and painted them in different colors. For the experiment, the team painted each model a different color: beige, black, or black with white stripes. After painting each model, the scientists covered them with a layer of insect glue.The results showed that the darker model with white stripes had less bugs: The dark model attracted 10 times more horseflies than the white stripes model. Plus, the beige model attracted twice as many horseflies as the patterned model.Scientists also found that male and female horseflies exhibited different behaviors. Male and female horseflies were more attracted to models on the ground, while only female horseflies preferred standing models.Light signals also played an important role in blood-sucking activity: Female horseflies responded to light reflected from vertical planes (ex. standing models), and males responded to light reflected from horizontal planes (ground models).The scientists didn’t share next steps for the experiment, however, it’s interesting to see how body painting might generate less bug bites and reduce the risk of insect-borne diseases for humans.More on Geek.com:Parasitic Worm Bacterial Is Stronger Than DEET Mosquito RepellentVampire Bat Venom Could Soon Be Used for Medical TreatmentsHawaii Officials Investigate Video of Man Standing on While Carcass