New Orleans Pelicans forward Anthony Davis, center, dunks between Orlando Magic guard Arron Afflalo (4), guard Shelvin Mack (7) and center Nikola Vucevic (9) during the first half of an NBA basketball game. APORLANDO, Florida — The New Orleans Pelicans were encouraged by holding an opponent under 100 points, even though it was the struggling Orlando Magic.DeMarcus Cousins had 26 points, 11 rebounds and six assists, and the Pelicans never trailed Friday (Saturday Manila time) in a 111-97 win over Orlando.ADVERTISEMENT Jiro Manio arrested for stabbing man in Marikina MOST READ Simmons’ layup early in the second half reduced New Orleans’ lead to seven, but Holiday and Cousins answered with 3-pointers and the Pelicans pulled away to a lead that reached 27 in the fourth quarter.“Some of our best players are out, but we have to find a way to compete and stay close in games,” Vucevic said.Marreese Speights, who came off the bench with six 3-pointers in Orlando’s victory at New Orleans on Oct. 30, got his first start for the Magic (11-22). He scored seven points in 17 foul-plagued minutes.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Drummond’s double-double leads Pistons over Knicks Scottie Thompson also worthy of Finals MVP, thinks Cone OSG plea to revoke ABS-CBN franchise ’a duplicitous move’ – Lacson Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Brian Heruela arrival bolsters Phoenix backcourt, defense The Pelicans (16-16) shot 50 percent and had a 48-40 rebounding advantage.Playing without three of their top six scorers, the Magic shot 4-for-20 from 3-point range.“We don’t have a lot of good shooters in our lineup, so our shooters have to hit shots,” Magic coach Frank Vogel said. “They didn’t tonight.”Davis made 9 of 11 shots and scored 18 points while leading New Orleans to a 60-50 lead at the end of a first half in which the Magic were called for four technical fouls.Holiday and E’Twaun Moore hit 3-pointers as the Pelicans opened the game with a 9-0 run, and they led by 18 early in the second quarter.ADVERTISEMENT Redemption is sweet for Ginebra, Scottie Thompson Lights inside SMX hall flicker as Duterte rants vs Ayala, Pangilinan anew Meralco ‘never the same’ after Almazan injury in PBA Finals LATEST STORIES View comments OSG plea to revoke ABS-CBN franchise ‘a duplicitous move’ – Lacson Anthony Davis added 20 points and 11 rebounds, and Jrue Holiday had 24 points for New Orleans, which had given up 108 points or more in 12 straight games, including eight losses.“When we defend, it gives us a chance to get out and run,” Davis said. “When guys get looks in rhythm, they get easy looks at the rim. If we defend, nine times out of ten we’re going to have a great game offensively.”FEATURED STORIESSPORTSTim Cone, Ginebra set their sights on elusive All-Filipino crownSPORTSGinebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup titleSPORTSAfter winning title, time for LA Tenorio to give back to Batangas folkThe loss was the seventh straight for the Magic, who have not led at any point in their last three games.Jonathon Simmons led the Magic with 22 points. Nikola Vucevic added 21, and Elfrid Payton had 18 points and six assists. Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award Steam emission over Taal’s main crater ‘steady’ for past 24 hours
It would open up a 19-point gap between the two Manchester clubs and leave City on course to set a new record for the largest ever title-winning margin, currently held by United’s 1999-2000 team, who won the league by 18 points.Mourinho was uncharacteristically taciturn ahead of the game, refusing to discuss a number of topics, although he did confess that he will not try and talk down City’s obvious superiority in the league table.“My motivation is to finish second,” he told reporters on Friday. “I still have the motivation of finishing top four, mathematically it is not done. It is a good distance but not done mathematically.“So that’s the first objective but after that I don’t hide. In practical terms and to continue into next season especially, to finish second, third or fourth is exactly the same — you don’t win the title but qualify for the Champions League group stage.“But I prefer to finish third to fourth and I prefer second to third. We have been second for many, many months, it is our objective to fight for that and for that we need points.”Mourinho was in a sour mood ahead of the derby and refused even to discuss what he might have learned from Liverpool’s hugely impressive 3-0 victory over the champions-in-waiting in the Champions League this week.“I’m not a pundit, I’m not going to comment on the game,” he said, also declining to comment on whether, or where, City deserve to be ranked among the all-time best Premier League teams.“It is not for me to say that, it is for you to say that,” he said. “You see the number of points we have and it is easy to go to the record books and see that with the number of points we have, we would normally be in the fight for the title.“But we are not because City have a very good number of points that makes it very, very difficult for the team that is second to fight for the title, which we are not in this moment.”Mourinho did offer an interesting exchange when it was pointed out that he had beaten City this season — in the competition to sign striker Alexis Sanchez from Arsenal — and he was asked if that suggested United were more attractive to players than City.“Are we?” replied Mourinho. “That’s your opinion. It’s your opinion…. I don’t know, I have no idea if they were interested (in Sanchez) or not. I’ve no idea.”0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today) 0Shares0000Manchester United manager Jose Mourinho is targeting a second-placed finish in the Premier League © AFP/File / Lindsey PARNABYMANCHESTER, United Kingdom, Apr 6 – Jose Mourinho said he will not hide from the obvious gulf between his side and champions-elect Manchester City ahead of Saturday’s eagerly anticipated derby meeting at the Etihad.Victory for Pep Guardiola’s side would seal the Spaniard’s first Premier League title after a season of dominance over their rivals.
0Shares0000The Premier League trophy © AFP/File / CHRIS J RATCLIFFELONDON, United Kingdom, Mar 29 – With the Premier League title race set to go down to the wire and the battle for top-four places tighter than ever, AFP Sport takes a closer look at the remaining fixtures for each of the top six:Liverpool After playing a game more than Manchester City, leaders Liverpool have just seven matches left in their bid to win the English title for the first time since 1990.Jurgen Klopp’s side, two points ahead of second-placed City, return from the international break with their two hardest domestic tests looming in the next three Premier League fixtures.Mohamed Salah will be crucial to Liverpool’s title bid © AFP/File / Glyn KIRKOn Sunday, they host third-placed Tottenham, who will pose arguably the biggest remaining danger to Liverpool’s title ambitions, despite having failed to win on their past eight visits to Anfield.Then, after a trip to struggling Southampton, top-four contenders Chelsea arrive on Merseyside looking to repeat their League Cup success at Anfield earlier this season.If Liverpool can emerge with six points from the Tottenham and Chelsea games, they will fancy their chances of holding off City.In their last four games, Liverpool head to relegation-threatened Cardiff, entertain rock-bottom Huddersfield, travel to Newcastle and then host Wolves on the final day of the season in what could be the long-awaited title party.“First is the best position you can be in. City don’t look as if they drop a lot of points, so we have to win and win. Nothing is decided,” Klopp said.Manchester CityPep Guardiola’s team will be guaranteed to retain the title if they win their final eight games.Their challenge is unlikely to capsize on the banks of the River Thames against second-bottom Fulham on Saturday.Manchester City’s Gabriel Jesus will be needed in the title run-in © AFP/File / Oli SCARFFAfter that, City host lowly Cardiff and travel to Crystal Palace, with the journey to south London in the middle of the two-legged Champions League quarter-final against Tottenham.Tottenham loom large for City in April as they also visit the Etihad Stadium for a crucial league match just days after the conclusion of their European bout.In a period that will define City’s season, four days after hosting Tottenham, the champions play their game in hand in the Manchester derby at Old Trafford.An away day at Burnley is followed by City’s final home league game against Leicester before the season concludes at Brighton.TottenhamSitting only three points clear of fifth-placed Manchester United, the closing weeks of the season could be an uncomfortable period for Tottenham.Tottenham were on the fringes of the Premier League title race earlier in the season © AFP/File / John MACDOUGALLAfter blowing their outside chance of a title challenge with three defeats in their past four games, the north Londoners are desperate to salvage a top-four finish.To do that they will have to run the gauntlet of trips to Liverpool and Manchester City.Mauricio Pochettino will hope the morale boost of finally opening their long-delayed new stadium against Crystal Palace on April 3 provides the momentum to carry them through a run-in that includes four more league games in their new abode.ArsenalOne point behind Tottenham and two ahead of Manchester United, the fourth-placed Gunners have their fate in their own hands as they eye a return to the Champions League after a two-year absence.Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang is driving Arsenal’s top-four charge © AFP/File / Ian KINGTONUnai Emery’s men can qualify via a top-four finish or by winning the Europa League.Their domestic finale is not daunting on paper, with no matches left against their top-six rivals.Instead, they take on a succession of mid-table foes before finishing against Brighton and Burnley.Manchester UnitedRevitalised by Ole Gunnar Solskjaer, United have battled back into contention for a top-four finish after sitting 11 points adrift when Jose Mourinho was sacked in December.Ole Gunnar Solskjaer has revived Manchester United © AFP/File / Lindsey PARNABYTrips to Wolves, who recently knocked United out of the FA Cup, and Everton will not be easy as Solskjaer juggles the demands of his club’s Champions League quarter-final against Barcelona.But even tougher tests follow as United host Manchester City and then Chelsea in the space of four days in late April.Finishing the season against Huddersfield and Cardiff is a soft landing but United need to make it that far with their hopes still alive.ChelseaMaurizio Sarri is under pressure at Chelsea © AFP / Glyn KIRKTrailing three points behind the top four at present, sixth-placed Chelsea have no margin for error at the conclusion of a turbulent first season for boss Maurizio Sarri.Winning the Europa League might be Chelsea’s best chance of making the Champions League, given they face trips to Liverpool and Manchester United in domestic action.Before that they have must-win matches against Cardiff, Brighton and West Ham, with Burnley, Watford and Leicester on the schedule in the final weeks.0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today)
Liam McElhinney Chairman St. Michael’s GAA, Charlie McLaughlin Manager St. Michael’s Senior Team, Suzi Roarty organiser and Andrew Coll Centra Dunfanaghy and St. Michael’s team members pictured at the launch of RUNEGAL 2013 which will take place on Saturday 13th July at 1pm.Registration at St. Michael’s Clubhouse The Bridge Hornhead Road Dunfanaghy from 10am on the 13th.The proceeds this year are in aid of the St. Michael’s GAA Club and the Donegal Hospice. The event will be followed by a Bar B Que at Molly’s Bar Dunfanaghy.For more information contact Andrew on 0879274892. GAA NEWS: ST MICHAEL’S LAUNCH THEIR RUNEGAL 10K was last modified: June 25th, 2013 by BrendaShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:GAA NEWS: ST MICHAEL’S LAUNCH THEIR RUNEGAL 10K
Former President Ronald Reagan’s Air Force One jet will open to the public at a new exhibit on Oct. 24 at the Ronald Reagan Presidential Library. See a preview of what to expect by clicking on the gallery link. AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREThe top 10 theme park moments of 2019 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
The KCCA FC players celebrate one of their three goals against Express FC on Saturday (KCCA FC Photos)StarTimes Uganda Premier League KCCA FC 3-1 Express FC StarTimes Stadium, LugogoSaturday, 20-04-2019LUGOGO – KCCA FC moved ever closer to winnin a third StarTimes Uganda Premier League title on Saturday afternoon as they defeated Express FC 3-1 at the StarTimes Stadium in Lugogo.It was not as easy as the result suggest as Mike Mutebi’s side had to come from a goal down to win all three points in the end.John Revita put the visitors ahead via a penalty before KCCA responded with three goals of their own. Mustapha Kizza, Muzamir Mutyaba and Allan Kyambadde scored the day’s goals for the Kasasiros.After a nervy start to the game by KCCA, Timothy Awanyi brought down Disan Galiwango in the penalty area and Express were awarded a penalty.With the usual penalty taker Tony Odur not on the pitch, up stepped defender John Revita who calmly slotted Express into the lead.Express put up a professional display but were undone by Mustapha Kizza’s free kick at the stroke of half time, which drew KCCA level and ensured the two sides head into the break locked at 1-1.In the second half, the home side took the initiative and imposed themselves on Express.Two minutes past the hour mark, Muzamir Mutyaba handed KCCA their first lead in the game to put them 2-1 up.Momemnts later, Allan Kyambadde put the game to bed with his side’s third of the afternoon.Kyambadde (11) scored KCCA’s third goal of the day.In the end, it was KCCA smiling after collecting three vital points in their bid to dethrone Vipers SC.Kyambadde was voted the day’s Man of the Match and awarded with UGX 100,000.The three points won see KCCA move onto 59 points, 9 ahead of second placed Vipers, with only three games to play.The Kasasiros now require only a single point to win a third League crown in four years.For Express, they remain 11th on the standings with 33 points from 27 games so far.The other games played on Saturday:-Tooro United 3-1 Mbarara City-Onduparaka 1-0 BUL-Nyamityobora 0-4 MaroonsComments Tags: allan kyambaddeDisan GaliwangoExpress FCJohn RevitaKCCA FCMike MutebiMustapha KizzaMuzamir Mutyabatop
Thibaut Courtois replaced Petr Cech as Chelsea’s number oneKick-off: 4pm, Sunday 24 January 2016Referee: Mark Clattenburg (Gosforth, Newcastle-upon-Tyne)Match in a nutshell: Chelsea aim to continue their hold over Arsenal, who haven’t scored against the Blues in the last five league meetings between the sides.Six key battles: Including John Obi Mikel v Mesut Ozil Injuries and suspensionsARSENALRuled out: Francis Coquelin (knee), Santi Cazorla (knee), Tomas Rosicky (knee), Jack Wilshere (leg), Danny Welbeck (bone bruising).Fitness test: Alexis Sanchez (hamstring).CHELSEARuled out: Radamel Falcao (thigh).Fitness test: Eden Hazard (groin). Possible line-upsArsenal: Cech; Bellerin, Mertesacker, Koscielny, Monreal; Flamini, Ramsey; Oxlade-Chamberlain, Ozil, Walcott; Giroud.Subs from: Ospina, Macey, Gibbs, Gabriel, Debuchy, Chambers, Elneny, Rosicky, Reine-Adelaide, Sanchez, Iwobi, Campbell.Chelsea: Courtois; Ivanovic, Zouma, Terry, Azpilicueta; Mikel, Matic; Willian, Fabregas, Pedro; Costa. Subs from: Begovic, Amelia, Aina, Cahill, Djilobodji, Baba, Loftus-Cheek, Ramires, Oscar, Traore, Kenedy, Hazard, Remy. Vital statisticsForm guide – last five league matchesArsenal total: D D W W L (8 points)Home: W W W W D (13 points)Chelsea total: D D W D D (7 points)Away: W D L D L (5 points)Top scorers – all competitionsChelsea: Costa 9; Willian 8; Oscar 5; Pedro 3, Ramires 3, Remy 3; Azpilicueta 2, Cahill 2, Fabregas 2, Zouma 2; Falcao 1, Ivanovic 1, Kenedy 1, Loftus-Cheek 1, Matic 1, Terry 1.Arsenal: Giroud 18; Sanchez 9; Ozil 5, Ramsey 5, Walcott 5; Campbell 3, Koscielny 3; Flamini 2; Gabriel 1, Gibbs 1, Oxlade-Chamberlain 1.Last five meetings19 September 2015: Chelsea 2 Arsenal 02 August 2015: Arsenal 1 Chelsea 026 April 2015: Arsenal 0 Chelsea 05 October 2014: Chelsea 2 Arsenal 022 March 2014: Chelsea 6 Arsenal 0Arsenal 1 win, Chelsea 3 wins, 1 drawFollow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebook
26 November 2008With the world’s leading economies sliding into recession, economists are predicting a tough couple of years for South Africa’s economy. The country does have one ace up its sleeve, however: the 2010 Fifa World Cup.According to a new study released on Friday by consulting firm Grant Thornton, the world’s biggest single-code sporting event will pull an extra half-a-million foreign tourists into the country in 2010, injecting an additional R8.5-billion in tourist spending into the economy.The World Cup’s total contribution to South Africa’s gross domestic product (GDP) will be a massive R55.7-billion, of which R33-billion will be in direct spending on stadiums and infrastructure (R17.4-billion in 2010 alone), spectator trip expenditure (R8.1-billion), ticket sales (R6-billion), rights and sponsorships (R750-million) and other items.Just over 415 000 jobs will be created in tourism, transport, construction and other industries.And the benefits will go well beyond 2010, with an indirect impact that may be even more meaningful for a sustainable economic lift in subsequent years.With an expected global television audience of 35 to 40-billion “cumulative viewers”, around 487 000 foreign visitors, and a 19 000-strong visiting media contingent, the World Cup presents South Africa with a marketing opportunity second to none.The resulting tourism legacy, according to Grant Thornton, will be two-fold. Crucially, the event will make South Africa a better, more widely known and understood destination, with – barring major problems – an enhanced reputation for service and a quality travel experience.But the World Cup will also leave behind a greatly improved tourism infrastructure, in the form of increased accommodation (about 35 new hotels will have been built); improved public transport; bigger bus, coach and hire car fleets; better tourism information and destination management; and more efficient tourism industry supply chains.South African tourism will benefit for years to come, Grant Thornton predicts – basing its forecasts on the experiences of other countries that have hosted major events – with between 130 000 and 290 000 extra foreign arrivals a year from 2011 through 2015 expected on account of the World Cup effect.Gillian Saunders, director of Grant Thornton Strategic Solutions, said the possible effects of the global economic downturn had been taken into account in the study.The nature of the World Cup and the kind of supporters it attracted meant that interest in the event would survive the credit crunch.“Of course the global recession will deter some would-be visitors,” Saunders told Business Day, “but if we have a structurally weakened currency, South Africa will look like a very attractive holiday destination.”SAinfo reporterWould you like to use this article in your publicationor on your website?See: Using SAinfo material
Energy usually gets top billing in the green building community. It has a huge impact on the environment. We sometimes pay a significant amount for it (although most of us don’t pay enough to motivate serious change, but that’s another story). We can do energy modeling and home energy ratings. Plus, it’s just really interesting!But water deserves a lot of attention, too, and green builders in New Mexico are innovating a way to move water to the fore.Meet the WERSIf you’ve been reading this blog for any length of time, you’ve no doubt heard of a HERS rating. It stands for Home Energy Rating System, and it includes calculations that produce a HERS Index, a number whose main reference point is 100. The lower the number, the more energy efficient the home. A HERS Index of zero would be a net zero energy home.Likewise, the WERS stands for Water Efficiency Rating Score1 and has a 0 to 100 scale, with lower numbers being better. Created by the Green Builder Coalition in cooperation with Build Green New Mexico (BGNM), Santa Fe Area Home Builders Association (SFAHBA), and members of the City of Santa Fe Water Conservation Committee (SFWCC), the WERS is a software-based program that tells you how efficiently your home uses water.You may be wondering why they felt the need to create this when the US EPA already has a water efficiency program, WaterSense. There’s a big difference between the two, though. WaterSense is actually two things. First, it’s a label for products like toilets and faucets, similar to the Energy Star label for things like computers and refrigerators. Second, it’s a program for new homes. (Check out program details at the WaterSense website.)So, the WaterSense new homes program is based on a checklist. WERS is a rating system, similar to HERS.Calculating a WERSThe New Mexico folks have done a lot of work to put this rating system together, and it’s in the pilot stage now. The inputs and calculations are done in a spreadsheet (see Image #2, below), and it’s not that difficult to use. In fact, it’s easier than doing a home energy rating because you have a lot fewer inputs.In Image #2, which shows one of several tabs in the WERS spreadsheet, you can see the inputs needed for the calculation. For toilets, faucets, and other indoor water appliances and fixtures, you enter the water consumption rate. The spreadsheet then calculates the water savings for each one compared to the industry baseline and prescriptive path requirements for water efficiency programs.The “Minimum Prescriptive Indoor WERS” box at the bottom left shows the WERS for a home with the same inputs as you see in the “Program Minimum Prescriptive Path Units” column. In the example above, that would be 85.4. The box to the right of that shows the WERS for the home as rated, using the numbers in the “Proposed or Actual Units” column.Currently the WERS includes only indoor water use, but it can be reduced by reusing greywater or rainwater. There is a checklist, however, for outdoor water use, and the plan is eventually to incorporate it into the WERS, too.But doesn’t a HERS rating include water?The short answer is no. Not like the WERS, anyway. Yes, a HERS rating includes hot water, but it’s only the energy use associated with it. And it doesn’t include anything about water use in toilets, faucets, and other water fixtures. The HERS rating is just about energy.Once the new ANSI standard HERS protocols go into effect, the HERS rating will be better about hot water use. According to hot water efficiency guru Gary Klein, the thinking behind modeling hot water in a HERS rating now has shifted to put water efficiency and time efficiency (how fast does it get to the fixture?) first and the energy impact second.But it’s not a WERS.Scaling water efficiencyOne of the best things about the WERS is the 0 to 100 scale. As with the HERS Index, it gives builders, home buyers, and anyone else who’s interested a way to compare houses. Kim Shanahan is Executive Officer of the Santa Fe Area Home Builders Association and one of the people responsible for making WERS a reality. “The zero to 100 scale of the WERS program plays right into the competitive nature of builders and the marketplace,” he said.2The fledging program in New Mexico is off to a great start. There’s a lot of interest in it there, and they’re also having discussions with the EPA and others about taking it national. I think you’ll be hearing more and more about WERS in the coming years. Allison Bailes of Decatur, Georgia, is a speaker, writer, energy consultant, RESNET-certified trainer, and the author of the Energy Vanguard Blog. Check out his in-depth course, Mastering Building Science at Heatspring Learning Institute, and follow him on Twitter at @EnergyVanguard.Footnotes1. There’s one thing I wish they had done differently, though. WERS stands for Water Efficiency Rating Score. (At least that’s what it is in most places I’ve seen it defined.) What that means is that it’s going to become the next Grrrrrrrrrr-inducing term like ATM, PIN, and ECM because everyone is going to want to say WERS score the way they say ATM machine, PIN number, and ECM motor. I’m feeling it already. Grrrrrrrrrr!2. Yes, “he.” Kim is a perfectly respectable man’s name. Which reminds me: In case you haven’t heard, I’ve started a new movement to get parents to reclaim names that were traditionally boys’ names but which have since been co-opted by girls. Come on, parents! Don’t be afraid to name those boys Allison or Kim or Kelly or Mary Ann. Well…maybe not Mary Ann, but did you know that John Wayne’s original name was Marion Robert Morrison?
Editor’s note: This post is one of a series by Eric Whetzel about the design and construction of his house in Palatine, Illinois, a suburb of Chicago. A list of Eric’s previous posts appears below. For more details, see Eric’s blog, Kimchi & Kraut. The plan for our house was to combine an HRV or an ERV (for a continuous supply of fresh air) with a ductless minisplit air-source heat pump system for our ventilation, heating, and air conditioning needs. Almost all of the projects I had read about utilized this same combination, especially here in the U.S.RELATED ARTICLESHow To Buy a Ductless MinisplitDuctless Minisplits for DIYersRules of Thumb for Ductless MinisplitsAre Ductless Minisplits Overpriced?What’s the Greenest Option for Home Heating? The only real debate, apart from specific brand options, was whether to use a single distribution head on our main floor, as opposed to installing multiple heads for a more dialed-in level of comfort (e.g., in the basement or the bedrooms). Suggested equipment was grossly oversized Our original builder had called for one head in the kitchen/family room and one in the basement, which was pretty standard for a Passive House level project. It was, therefore, pretty shocking to find that our second builder (there were two partners) and their HVAC subcontractor were suggesting a system that was grossly oversized for our needs. You can read about the details here. This was just one of many red flags that convinced us to move on and GC the project ourselves. It’s also a reminder that old habits die hard, meaning that even seasoned contractors, in any trade, need to be willing to learn new ideas and techniques if they want to truly be considered professionals and craftsmen. One of the disappointments associated with our build is, in fact, the disinterest (in some cases even outright hectoring contempt) shown by various tradespeople in our area for green building generally. Doubtless, at least a partial explanation for why much of the Midwest seems so far behind in adopting green building techniques, especially when it comes to air sealing, insulation, and indoor air quality beyond code minimum standards. Hopefully this changes significantly in the coming years. Right sizing starts with a Manual J calculation Consequently, I took Steve Knapp’s advice (from the comments section of my Q&A post on GBA) and contacted Home Energy Partners (their new name is HVAC Design Pros). Isaac responded quickly and eventually did our Manual J, confirming that we needed a much smaller system, one that is more consistent with a Passive House project. Once we were on our own, in addition to going with a Zehnder ERV and a Mitsubishi ductless minisplit air-source heat pump system, we also pursued the possibility of using a Sanden heat-pump water heater. After seeing it used on a Hammer and Hand project, we thought it was a really interesting piece of cutting-edge technology. Unfortunately, after getting a quote from Greg of Sutor Heating and Cooling, and a poor response from Sanden on questions we had about the system (they were unresponsive to emails), we decided to stick with our Zehnder, the Mitsubishi heat pump, and go with a Rheem heat-pump water heater. (Going with the Rheem saved us just over $6,000 in initial cost.) Hopefully, as it becomes more popular in the U.S., the Sanden can come down significantly in price, or maybe less expensive copycat products will someday show up on the market. Greg was initially willing to work with us, even though we were technically out of his service area. He was nothing but professional, taking the time to answer any number of technical questions and offering what proved to be sage advice regarding various details for our system. But because we were installing only the minisplit and not the Sanden, he suggested we find an installer closer to us. Finding our installer We were lucky to find Mike from Compass Heating and Air. He came out to the job site and we walked through the details together. He proved to be knowledgeable, helpful, detail-oriented, and extremely professional. Installing our Mitsubishi ductless minisplit system with Mike proved to be one of the easiest portions of our build. We never felt like we had to look over his shoulder, making sure he got details right, or that we had to constantly confirm that he did what he said he was going to do — in fact, it was the opposite: Mike’s on site, so that’s one less thing I have to worry about. Mike also confirmed what Greg and Isaac also pointed out: comfort issues may develop if we tried to get by with just one distribution head on the main floor. In fact, looking back through old emails, Greg was nice enough to walk me through some of the options employed by those trying to get by with a single head for an entire floor (sometimes even two floors), including leaving bedroom doors open throughout the day (ideally, even at night), and even the use of Tjernlund room-to-room ventilators. Again, to his credit, Greg tried to stress how important it was that homeowners have realistic expectations regarding the overall effectiveness of these techniques and options. He also was at pains to make clear how the work of any competent HVAC installer can be easily undermined by a structure that underperforms. In other words, they can design an appropriately sized HVAC system for a Passive House, but if shortcuts occur during the build and the final blower door number comes in higher than expected, or the budget for insulation gets cut, reducing R-values in the structure, then the system they designed has little chance of working as intended. Based on what he wrote, I’m guessing he has dealt with exactly this outcome in the real world — not fun for him, or the homeowners to be sure. By the time Mike got involved, we had pretty much decided to use multiple heads. In the end, we decided to delete the head in the basement, instead going with three separate heads on the main floor — the largest in the kitchen/family room, and the other two in our bedrooms. Here are the specs for our system: Hyper-Heat Compressor (30,000 Btu). MSZ-FH15NA (kitchen/family room). MSZ-FH06NA (master bedroom). MSZ-FH06NA (2nd BR). This is the Mitsubishi head in the master bedroom. The Zehnder supply is to the right. Both are covered to protect them from construction debris. Living with a ductless minisplit Having lived with the HVAC system, both the heat pump and ERV, for about a year now, our only real complaint is summer humidity, which I discussed in a previous post. This summer we’re going to try using a dedicated whole-house dehumidifier, which we think should resolve the issue. Otherwise, our system has been trouble-free. In winter, the heads do make some noise, tending to crack or pop, especially when first turning on, or when they come out of defrost mode. Although I’ve read complaints about this online, it’s never really bothered us. I remember how loud our conventional gas-fired furnace was in our last house, especially when it first turned on, so I think it’s important to remember the level of certain sounds in their appropriate context. Also, this crack or pop sound is, I suspect, louder than it otherwise would be in, say, a conventionally built home. Passive Houses are known to be significantly quieter because of all the air sealing and, in particular, all of the insulation surrounding the structure. There’s also a noticeable humming sound when the compressor is going through a defrost cycle (especially noticeable at night when the house is otherwise quiet). The heads also temporarily send out cooler air during this defrost cycle, but the cycle is short enough that it hasn’t posed any real comfort issue for us. In other words, having blocked out, or at least muffled, most of the noise from outdoors (due to extensive air sealing and extensive insulation), any noise indoors becomes much more noticeable and pronounced. The Rockwool we installed between bedrooms-bathrooms, and the kitchen-utility room for sound attenuation definitely helps in this regard (more on this in a later post). Just how quiet is a Passive House? Well, one example would be the train tracks that are just a couple of blocks away: When the windows are closed the noise from a passing train is mostly canceled out — as opposed to when the windows are open, and the train, in contrast, sounds like it’s thundering through our next door neighbor’s yard. Performance at very low temperatures As far as extreme cold outdoor temperatures are concerned, the system experienced a real test with our recent Polar Vortex weather. Mike was nice enough to check in with us the day before it started just to remind me that the system could shut down if temperatures fell below -18° F, which is what our local weather forecast was predicting. In fact, this proved entirely accurate. As temperatures eventually fell to -24°F overnight, the system was, in fact, off for a few hours (the Mitsubishi shuts off to protect itself). With the Zehnder ERV already set to low, and using just a couple of small space heaters (one in each bedroom — roughly equivalent to running two hair dryers simultaneously), it was easy to get the interior temperatures back up to 68-70°F in less than an hour (from a measured low of 61° F when we first woke up), at which point we turned off the space heaters. And it was just under two hours before the temperatures rose enough outdoors for the heat pump to turn back on. On the second day, the system again turned off, but the interruption was even shorter this time, so we didn’t even bother to turn on the space heaters. On both days the sun was shining, which definitely helped as light poured in through our south-facing windows, mainly in the kitchen and family room. Even with no additional heat, either from the heat pump or the two small space heaters, the kitchen remained a comfortable 70°F throughout that first day, regardless of the temperature outside. In the summer, when we have the AC running, we just set the desired temperature on the remotes and largely forget about the system. The three heads together, even in each individual space, have no problem keeping the house and individual rooms cool enough. In this case, it no doubt helps that we have a substantial overhang on the southern portion of our roof, mostly denying the sun an entry point into the home during the hottest days of the year (and the Suntuitive glass on our west-facing windows takes care of afternoon summer sun). Single or multiple heads? As far as using a single head to try to heat and cool the entire first floor, in our case about 1500 sq. ft., I can only say that I’m glad we chose to use multiple heads. This really hit home as I was completing interior finishes. For instance, there were times when only the head in the family room/kitchen area was running. When you walked into the bedrooms you could definitely feel the temperature difference since those heads had been turned off (roughly a 5-10° difference). As Greg, Isaac, and Mike — to their credit — were all quick to point out, for some homeowners this temperature swing would be acceptable, even something that could be calmly ignored, while for other homeowners it might well be a heartbreaking and deeply frustrating realization. Depending on how sensitive someone is to these temperature differences, it could prove a devastating disappointment if the homeowner is expecting uniform consistency throughout their home. Also, since much of the selling point of Passive House techniques is, in the end, occupant comfort, and not just reduced energy consumption, moving from a comfortable kitchen, for example, to a bedroom that some would find outright chilly, might induce some homeowners to wonder what the point was of all that air sealing and insulating. Obviously it’s only our opinion, but if it’s at all possible to fit it into the budget, by all means utilize more than one distribution head. Even if you yourself never feel compelled to turn on any of the other heads in a multi-zone system, a spouse, one of your kids, or a guest probably will want to have the option at some point. The compressor with finished charred siding and decorative gravel-cobblestone border. The one real risk we took with our HVAC set-up was foregoing any direct conditioning in the basement, either heat or AC. In the summer, no matter how high the temperatures outdoors, the basement stays within 5 degrees of the upstairs temperatures and humidity, so no comfort issues in this regard have presented themselves. In the winter, however, the temperature remains in the 59-61° range, with almost identical humidity readings as the main floor. Mitsubishi wall-mounted heads: beauty or beast? I’ve read that some interior designers, and even some homeowners, have expressed aesthetic concerns about the distribution heads. If you go on design-oriented websites like Houzz you can come across some really strong negative opinions on the topic. For us, they’ve never been a problem. Much like the Suntuitive glass on our west-facing windows, or even a dark or bright color on an interior accent wall, after a few days, like anything else, you just get used to it. I never found them to be ugly in the first place though. The appearance of the ductless minisplit distribution heads have never been an issue. I also grew up with hydronic metal baseboards for heat, while in apartments and our first home we had the typical floor supply and wall return grilles for a gas furnace. Point being, the details of any HVAC system are never completely absent from any living space. There’s always something that shows up visually and, typically, that needs to be cleaned at some point. In addition, the Zehnder ERV and the Mitsubishi heat pumps meant we didn’t have to use any framed soffits or duct chases (at least in the case of our specific floor plan) in order to hide bulky runs of traditional metal ductwork, typical in most homes when using a normal furnace. Unless designed with great care, these tend to be obtrusive, taking up premium ceiling, wall, or floor space. And if randomly placed simply for the convenience of the HVAC contractor, they can be downright ugly. In other words, it doesn’t really matter if you’re building conventionally or if you’re building a Passive House, all the details of an HVAC system — whether it’s individual components, or even how these components will be placed inside a structure — should be carefully thought through (again, ideally before construction begins) to address any performance or aesthetic concerns. Operation and maintenance As far as the remote controls for the individual heads, we haven’t had any issues. For the most part, we set them to either heat or AC (roughly 70° and 74° respectively), and then forget about them. And when the weather is pleasant outdoors, we take every opportunity to turn off the system completely and open windows. The system could be combined with a Kumo cloud set-up, but we’ve been happy with the hand-held remotes so far. I try to check the filters for the individual heads at least once a month (more like once a week when I was still doing interior finishes). Just as it takes much longer for the Zehnder filters to get dirty now that construction is over, and the same has proven true for the blue filters in the Mitsubishi heads. It seems like about once a month is sufficient to keep up with the dust in the house. Overall, we’ve been very happy with our HVAC set-up, including the Zehnder ERV and our Mitsubishi ductless minisplit. As long as the units don’t have any durability issues, we should be happy with these systems for many years to come. Other posts by Eric Whetzel: Installing an ERV Choosing Windows Attic Insulation Installing an Airtight Attic Hatch Air Sealing the Exterior Sheathing Installing a Solar Electric System Prepping for a Basement Slab Building a Service Core Air Sealing the Attic Floor Ventilation Baffles Up on the Roof A Light Down Below Kneewalls, Subfloor and Exterior Walls Let the Framing Begin Details for an Insulated Foundation The Cedar Siding is Here — Let’s Burn It An Introduction to a New Passive House Project